Ever noticed how houses made in different locations have certain characteristics that make them look different according to the geography they are built in? The main reason for it is, it’s not just the look of the house, but also the utility a certain house design provides, which contributes to the house design idea.
Planning to build your house in plains? Or your dream house is going to be in mountains? Does it rain a lot in the city where you are planning to settle? Wherever you build your house, the design and style of your house, heating & drainage mechanism, and energy efficiency system is highly dependent on the geographical location of your house. The structure of the house and the type of material to be used for construction also varies as per the location. For eg, if an area has abundant red clay, nearly all buildings in the area will be built from brick. At some places the house may be built with wood from trees such as oak, maple, etc with aluminium siding or other materials.
If your house is located in a hot terrain, the house ceilings should be built a bit high, so that the heat has space to rise above and the overall aura of the room is cool. Also, the walls and roof should be thick to prevent too much heating from sun. In cold places, the ceilings don’t need to be high. Rather, for maintaining a warm temperature, a low ceiling ensures that the heat generated from room heaters or fireplaces doesn’t escape.
The composition of the material also needs to be considered as per the soil type of the location. Soil report helps in determining this composition. It is prepared by below-ground investigation by boring, sampling, and testing the soil to establish its compressibility, strength, and other characteristics. If the soil is not so firm, a house with basement is avoided for storage purpose. In such cases, an attic or store room is preferred.
If you are a planning to build your house on a hilltop, a zigzag driveway will be preferred so that there’s a gradual slope to drive up, avoiding a dangerous slope. Similarly, the floor height (footing) is calculated to be above normal in Working Drawing, if an area receives a lot of rainfall. This helps in avoiding flooding of floor during heavy rain.
An architect’s job is to not only provide an attractive house plan, but also consider the site location. An expert guidance in such cases helps in assessing needs and feasibility, and merging them into the best possible solution. A good architect understands the requirements of its client and also makes the client understand the pros and cons of the design being proposed. Knowledge of the geographical area where the house is being built ascertains that the house’s structure and beauty will withstand the test of time.
Before starting construction, make sure that you have researched about the location and also, your architect is paying attention to this aspect before designing the house.